On October 8th 2007, Mr. Alain Esseau the wine producer of Domaine des Debeaudieres received an order to pay €1,880.64 of membership fees to the association of wine producer CIVN following a judgment in absentia of September 24th 2007 of the local court of Nantes. On October 24th 2007, he asked for a retrial, and on September 19th 2009, the local court confirmed its ruling and ordered him to pay membership fees to Interloire (ex-CIVN).

Under the article L632-6 of the rural code, wine producers have the obligation to be member of the regional wine producer association and to pay mandatory membership fees.

On August 5th 2010, the applicant filed an application with the E.C.H.R (see below) arguing that the mandatory membership to Interloire was a violation of article 11-2 of the Convention. The applicant is represented by Ms. Marie-Ange Hegron of the N.G.O CDVI.